CO2 emissions from fossil fuel-based power plants are becoming a great issue globally due to their influence on the climate.  The world has experienced the vagaries of climate change-related disasters such as forest fires, glacier melts, extreme weather conditions, and floods in the recent past.  Climate change is a reality now. By the year 2050, as proposed by the CoP in 2015 in Paris, Net-zero needs innovation in the utilization of renewables, especially geothermal, that can generate base-load electricity and reduce carbon footprint to a considerable extent. Countries are developing strategies to reduce emissions by adopting energy source mix for sustainable development. Geothermal energy is making tremendous progress in all countries due to its positive impact on the environment. Hydrothermal systems, today, are able to generate greater than 60000 MWe. Significant advances have been made in geothermal exploration, drilling, reservoir engineering and modelling, and direct applications in recent years. Geothermal energy is being promoted for food security in certain MENA countries.  In addition to hydrothermal exploration, extraction of heat from deep geothermal systems is gaining importance due to tremendous advancements made in drilling technology, fracture propagation, and creating heat exchangers in granites. CO2 is being used as the medium to extract heat from high heat generating granites. In the light of this tremendous progress being made in geothermal energy resources, a special issue on geothermal energy for sustainable development has been brought out as a special issue of Journal of Earth Sciences by TUBITAK with Prof.Dr. Alper Baba and Prof.Dr. Dornadula Chandrasekharam as guest editors. The response to this special issue call was tremendous. The editors received more than 26 MS from authors in different countries working on advanced geothermal systems, especially the Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS). EGS is gaining momentum due to advancements in drilling technology and the use of carbon dioxide as a heat extraction medium. The volume of CO2 emissions reductions can be seen from the direct applications of geothermal energy. This workshop is being organized to bring all the contributors together on a platform to enhance cooperation and collaboration, enhancing and promoting the impact of geothermal on net-zero philosophy by the next decade.  


The GeoESD2021 will be held on 8 December 2021 and organized online due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It is dedicated to the discussion of the special issue on geothermal energy for sustainable development has been brought out as a special issue of the Journal of Earth Sciences.



For your questions about the workshop, please send an e-mail  to